POOJA VIDHI

 

Pooja means Reverence, Honor, Adoration or Worship. Pooja is Reverence to God.

A typical pooja primarily consists of offering of flowers, lighting of incense, lighting of lamp, offering cooked edibles, aarti, pushpanjali and recitation of shlokas.

 

WAKING UP THE DEITY

The most significant aspect in a Temple Pooja, is the Waking Up of the Deity. For example, in Vaishnava Temples, the Suprabhatam is recited to wake up the Lord. Subrabhatam is a Sanskrit term meaning "auspicious dawn"

kausalyāsuprajā rāma pūrvā sandhyā pravartate ।
uttiha naraśārdūla karttavya daivamāhnikam ॥

(O! Rama! Kausalya's auspicious child! Twilight is approaching in the East. O! best of men (Purushottama)! Wake up, the divine daily rituals have to be performed)

 

SHODASHA UPACHARA

The ancient texts refer to a Shodasha Upachara, meaning the 16 steps that are common in all varieties of puja

01

Avahana

(“invocation”). The Deity is invited to the pooja.

02

Asana

The Deity is offered a seat.

03

Padya

The Deity’s feet are symbolically washed.

04

Water

 is offered for washing the head and body

05

Arghya

Water is offered so the deity may wash its mouth.

06

Snana or Abhisekha

Water is offered for symbolic bathing.

07

Vastra

 (“clothing”). Here a cloth is wrapped around the Deity and ornaments adorned on the Deity.

08

Upaveeda or Mangalsutra

Putting on the sacred thread.

09

Anulepana or Gandha

Perfumes and ointments are applied to the image. Sandalwood paste or kumkum is applied.

10

Pushpa

Flowers are offered before the Deity, or garlands draped around the neck.

11

Dhupa

Incense is burned before the Deity.

12

Dipa or Aarti

A burning lamp is waved in front of the Deity.

 

13

Naivedya

Foods such as cooked rice, fruit, clarified butter, sugar, and betel leaf are offered.

14

Namaskara or Pranama

The worshippers bow or prostrate themselves before the Deity to offer homage.

15

Parikrama or Pradakshina

Circumambulation around the Deity.

16

Taking leave.

 

Sometimes additional steps are included:

  • Dhyana (“Meditation”). The Deity is invoked in the heart of the devotee.

  • Acamanıya. Water is offered for sipping.

  • Aabaran. The deity is decorated with ornaments.

  • Chatram. Offering of umbrella.

  • Chamaram Offering of fan or fly-whisk (Chamara).

  • Visarjana or Udvasana. The deity is moved from the place.

 

 

 

SANSKRIT

PUNYAHAVACHANAM

Purificatication of Temple surroundings & self before initiating any puja

THIRU ARADHANAM

Daily puja and recitations to invoke the blessings of the Deity

AGNIKAARYAM

Significance of Homam and Yagna; and vidhi

POOJA SAMAGIRI

Requirements of a Priest to conduct puja, and Specifications for puja samagiri

SAMHITA & DEVATHA

Different names by which the Lord is invoked during the puja

TAMIL

PUNYAHAVACHANAM

Purificatication of Temple surroundings & self before initiating any puja

THIRU ARADHANAMA

Daily puja and recitations to invoke the blessings of the Deity

AGNIKAARYAM

Significance of Homam and Yagna; and vidhi

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